The Toyota RAV4 EV all-electric version of the popular Toyota RAV4 SUV produced by Toyota. The Toyota RAV4 EV first generation of leased 1997 to 2003, and at the request of employers’, the houses were sold after the vehicle was discontinued. A total of 1,484 were leased and / or sold in California meet the state’s authority for Zero-emissions vehicle.
Toyota worked with Tesla Motors to develop the second generation Toyota RAV4 EV, and the release of electric SUV in the United States September 2012. Production will be limited to 2.600 units the first three years, and sales are limited in California. The US Environmental Protection Agency of the second generation RAV4 EV combined range of 103 mi (166 km) and combined fuel economy rating of 76 miles per gallon of gasoline equivalent (3.1 L / 100 km).
The first version ships Toyota RAV4 EV find it on the basis of limited in 1997. In 2001 it became possible for businesses, cities or utilities to hire one or two of these vehicles. Toyota actually sold or leased 328 RAV4 EVs the general public in 2003, at the time the program was terminated, despite the waiting lists of prospective customers.
The Toyota RAV4 EV closely resembles the regular version of the internal combustion engine (ICE) – without tailpipe – and has a governed top speed of 78 mph (~ 126 km / h) and the list of EPA rated of 95 mi (153 km). The 95-hour amp NiMH battery pack has a capacity of 27 kWh, is suing inductively and has proven to be the most lasting. Some EVs RAV4 have been driven more than 150,000 miles (240,000 km) using the original battery pack. And one of the few cars automatic transmission speed single when introduced to the market.
Toyota RAV4 EV Performance
The Toyota RAV4 EV has a governed top speed of 78 per hour (126 km / h), a tested 0-60 time of around 18 seconds (depending on the state-of-charge on the batteries). Its EPA rated driving range is 95 miles (153 km) and an EPA combined fuel economy rating 43 kW · h / 100 mi (equivalent to 78 MPGe). Real fuel economy and range depends on factors such as traditional gasoline-powered car including rolling resistance and average speed. The Toyota RAV4 EV battery pack uses 24-volt 12, 95Ah NiMH batteries capable of storing 27,4 kWh of energy.
Toyota RAV4 EV Mileage Costs
Charging a Toyota RAV4 EV from the dead full to full-uses approximately 30 kW · h of electricity, in addition to the amount of battery pack used in the charging system. As of May 2006 at a level of US $0,09-hour per kilowatt, this costs around US $2.70 using. As of May 2008, based on the fuel price-per-gallon cost of US $3.80 and up and the non-EV 2003 RAV4 2-wheel drive fuel fuel efficiency of 27 mpg-US (8.7 L / 100 km, 32 mpg- imp), the RAV4 EV costs about 20% as a mile per basis, and makes mileage in the RAV4 EV equivalent to the cost of a 111.1 mpg-US (2.117 L / 100 km, 133.4 mpg-imp) a small SUV.
In addition, the Toyota RAV4 EV has a timer built into the dashboard enables the car to start charging at a certain time. As RAV4 EV easily becomes the main electricity costs average-sized home, this enables the owner to use the Time-Of-Day Meter reduce the cost of electricity. This is a common configuration with the Toyota RAV4 EV owners. The price of electricity at night depends on the carrier, but usually in the range of 60% of the normal rate. In the use of charging the RAV4 EV, this equates to a cost-per-mile cheap, roughly equivalent to a car capable of 166.6 mpg-US (1.412 L / 100 km, 200.1 mpg-imp), based on a price of US $3,00 each .
The United States Environmental Protection Agency mileage ratings for the Toyota RAV4 EV in its annual Fuel Economy Guide 2000 through 2003. The model 2003 recorded on the fuel efficiency of 39 kW · h / 100 mi city, 49 kW · h / 100 mi highway, city mileage rating equivalent to 125 mpg-US (1.88 L / 100 km, 150 mpg-imp), and 100 mpg-US (2.4 L / 100 km, 120 mpg-imp) on the highway. The EPA rated mileage combined with 112 mpg-US (2.10 L / 100 km, 135 mpg-imp).
In 2007, the EPA updated its rating system and revised the ratings to the equivalent of the city of 87 mpg-US (2.7 L / 100 km, 104 mpg-imp), the equivalent of 69 highway mpg-US (3.4 L / 100 km, 83 mpg- imp), and is equivalent to the combined of 78 mpg-US (3.0 L / 100 km, 94 mpg-imp).
The Toyota RAV4 EV was released in September 2012 to start a price of US $49,800 before any government incentives. Toyota offers a monthly lease option-36 at US $599 a month with a down payment of US $3,499. The Toyota RAV4 EV is sold only California, and sales began in San Francisco Bay Area, Los Angeles / Orange County and San Diego. Production will be limited to 2,600 the first three years. The Toyota RAV4 EV is available to individual consumers and fleet customers. Because of the volume of its battery pack RAV4 EV to get the maximum US $7,500 federal tax credit and eligible for a discount of US $2,500 California. A total of 192 units of sold during 2012 and 1,096 in 2013. A total of 2,425 units of sold in the US through November 2014.
Toyota RAV4 EV Battery
Battery is 386V lithium ion battery pack consisting of 4,500 cells rated at 41.8 kW · h of usable energy at a full case, a maximum power output of 129 kW. The Toyota RAV4 EV features 10 kW onboard charger (Sae J1772 240V, 40A input). The battery is located below the floorpan, reduce the clearance to the ground as compared to gasoline-powered version by a couple of inches, but the cargo space electric SUV 36.4 cubic feet (1.03 m3) is the same as its gasoline sibling. The battery pack weights 840 lb (380 kg) and because it is located in the lower part of the car, the lower center of gravity provides better handling than conventional Toyota RAV4.
The Toyota RAV4 EV batteries can be fully recharged from oxygen fully charged five hours, and monitored by a passive balancing system battery. Electricity is supplied with a Magne Charge inductive charging paddle from the wall-mounted 6000-Watt charging unit on a 220 volt 30 amp, North American “clothes dryer” -type plug. Some of the beginning of the Toyota RAV4 EV prototypes were accused of using front fender charger conductive coupling made by Zaki Corporation.