The Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid (Prius PHV) is a plug-in mid-size hybrid electric vehicle manufactured by Toyota Motor Corporation. The Prius PHV is based on the third generation Toyota Prius (model ZVW30) to 4.4 kWh lithium-ion co-developed and Panasonic, allows all-electric high-speed operation and long distances than the conventionalToyota Prius Hybrid. The Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid production version was unveiled at the September 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show.
The Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid all-electric range in the combined mode is 11 mi (18 km) as rated by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), has a list of expected total of 540 miles (870 km), and electricity maximum speed of 62 mph (100 km / h). According to Toyota Prius the plug-in is expected to be rated in Europe at 112 mpg-US (2.10 L / 100 km; 135 mpg-imp) equivalent, and CO2 emissions of 49 g / km. The EPA fuel economy of 95 miles per gallon of gasoline equivalent (mpg-e) (2.5 L / 100 km; 114 mpg-imp) in all-electric mode and combined city / highway rating of 50 mpg-US (4.7 L / 100 km ; 60 mpg-imp) in mode hybrid, the same as the normal Prius liftback.
Global demonstration program involving 600 pre-production test cars began in late 2009 and took place in Japan, Europe, Canada, China, Australia, New Zealand and the United States. Delivery of the production model began in Japan in January 2012, and by the end of February in the United States, where the first car is only available in 14 states. Deliveries to Europe began in late June 2012.
As of June 2014, the Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid about 60,000 PHVs have been sold around the world, with the United States market leading 34,138 units delivered, followed by Japan with 15,400 units sold until December 2013, and probably Europe 8,900 units sold by June 2014. In the Netherlands is leading the market European with 3,923 units sold by June 2014. The Prius plug-in Hybrid ranked as the second most sold plug-in electric car in 2012, and, as of June 2014, it is the third best selling plug some of the electric car ever, after the Nissan Leaf and family volt / Ampera.
Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Concept
The Toyota Prius Plug-in HybridConcept exhibition in September 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show, October 2009 Tokyo Motor Show, and December 2009 LA Auto Show. After displaying the version with the idea of these three shows, in December 2009 Toyota officially announced the launch of the production model Japan following six months.
The Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid electric vehicle project Toyota began in 2007, the temptations of the road car prototype in France and the UK in 2008 Toyota made available a total of 600 Prius plug-in to display rental cars anyway and government customers, 230 were delivered in Japan the beginning of December 2009, 125 models in the US by early 2010, and 200 units in Europe in 2010. All the cars were limited geographic areas equipped with special data tracking devices designed to allow Toyota to monitor the use of the vehicle for continued plug-in hybrid system.
In July 2010 the first demonstration Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid PHV released in Manitoba. The unit will be shared and tested by four partners: Manitoba Hydro, Manitoba Innovation, Energy and Mines, and the University of Manitoba. There are 15 trial partners in four provinces that are part of the first phase of the Canadian trial demonstration.
In Japan, TMC leased approximately 230 units to government service, local governments selected for the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and EV & PHV The Industry’s cities, such companies, as electric power companies, and other organizations. As part of the program for demonstration since July 2010, two Prius PHV is done for short-term rental in the city of Goto, Nagasaki. Rental fees are ¥ 8,400 (US $ 96) for six hours, ¥ 9,450 (US $ 108) to 12 hours, ¥ 11,550 (US $ 131) to 24 hours, and ¥ 9,450 (US $ 108) for each additional day.
Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Drivetrain
Builders and Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid has a number of key changes demonstration units that were deployed in the field of assessment based on experience and customer feedback. The production version has two main modifications vehicle demonstration to improve efficiency. First, Toyota decided to include selectable electric drive mode (EV mode), which allows drivers to save energy for use in areas where EV mode is very efficient, as city driving. Builders and Prius PHV has the ability to direct the regenerative braking power battery electric vehicle, rather than hybrid battery system, thus providing more range in EV mode.
The Prius Plug-in Hybrid uses the Hybrid Synergy Drive of the standard Prius model, and skills improvement that includes a 4.4 kWh lithium-ion battery that significantly expands the range of all-electric as compared to the regular Prius, fully rechargeable and a domestic source. Hybrid system includes a 1.8-liter DOHC 16-valve VVT-i petrol engine that develops 98 horsepower (73 kW) @ 5200 rpm, and 105 lb-ft (142 N · m) @ 4000 rpm, a third-generation hybrid transaxle, a unit power control (PCU), and the charging system on-board. The system uses two motors electrical output, one of the 60 kW (80 hp) unit (MG2) that works mainly compact, lightweight transaxle, and a small motor (MG1) is rated at 42 kW (56 hp) that works as the electric power source for battery regeneration and as a starter for the engine fuel.
Maximum motor-drive voltage is 650 volts DC. After the electric driving range is exhausted, the change of plug-in hybrid operation at a pre-determined state of battery charge (SOC) and operates as a conventional hybrid filled with the same efficiency a standard Prius. Net hybrid system of dispensing 134 BHP, allowing the Prius Plug-in to accelerate from 0 to 62 mph (0 to 100 km / h) in 10.7 seconds and reach top speed of 112 mph (180 km / h). The maximum speed in EV mode is 62 mph (100 km / h). With a weight of approximately 1,420 kg (3,130 lb), the version of the plug-in only 50 kg (110 lb) heavier than the regular Prius.
Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Battery and Range
The production version was unveiled at the September 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show with a battery pack Lithium-ion 4.4 kWh. Toyota estimates that all-electric range varies between 10 to 15 miles (16 to 24 km) for full speed and quick braking, road and vehicle conditions, or control the use of weather. Lithium-ion battery pack can be charged 180 minutes at 120 volts or 90 minutes at 240 volts.
The 4.4kWh lithium-ion battery developed for the Prius Plug-in fits under the rear cargo floor and weighs 80 kg (180 lb). As a comparison, the nickel-metal hydride battery of the third generation Prius, which has a capacity of 1.3kWh, weighs 42 kg (93 lb). A full using an external AC shop takes approximately 2.5 hours to 3.0 from the standard North American 120V 15A household outlet, or 1.5 hours using a standard European 230V household outlet. The battery requires approximately 3.2 kWh of electricity plus 0.3 US gal (1.1 l; 0.25 imp gal) of fuel to give a 40 km (25 mi) of range. A fully charge the state of charge reads 85% and all-electric mode disengages at 23%, and the usable power after charging the loss is 2.73 kWh. The included charging cable connects to the charging port inlet located on the rear right fender.
Port was moved from the front driver-side fender in the model displayed based on the input from the participants in the program. Battery charger cable weighs LB 3.75 (1.70 kg), 24 feet (7.3 m) in length, and is in line with its compartment in the trunk. The port provides LED (Light emitting diode) illumination for easy night-time charging. A timer allows charging to take place during off-peak hours can be set or at the beginning or the end time.
The Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid shares many of the same exterior and interior design as the standard 2012 Prius, to keep the coefficient of drag at = 0.25. During the special design features plug-in are: unique chrome grille and bumper trim, chrome door handles, unique 15-inch alloy wheels, headlamps blue-accented, a distinct tail lamp design, and a new Hybrid Synergy Drive Plug-in badge.
In the United States Prius Plug-in Hybrid is available in two models, the standard Prius Plug-in and the Prius Plug-in Advanced, gave five colors. The standard trim level includes all the features of the 2012 Prius Two Liftback grade, plus some features from the Prius Three and Prius Four grades. Standard features include remote heated air conditioning system (which can run or off the grid when the car is connected or off the battery like the third-generation Prius), a timer charger, EV / ECO / POWER modes, three- front seats, door smart key push- a new start button touch-screen display audio with navigation and backup camera integrated, Toyota Antun, and LED daytime running lights.
Additional features of the Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Advanced include head-up display, LED headlamps, softex interior seat trim, eight way adjustable power driver seat, JBL premium audio and HDD navigation system and exclusive Antun Plug-in Hybrid Applications for smartphones. Additional security features Advanced model include Pre-Collision System with Dynamic Radar Cruise Control and Safety Connect system.
Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Fuel Economy
According to Toyota Prius the plug-in is expected to be rated at 112 mpg-US and CO2 emissions of 49 g / km under the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC). Official fuel economy EPA rating of 95 miles per gallon of gasoline equivalent (mpg-e) in all-electric mode and combined city / highway rating of 50 mpg-US in mode hybrid, the same as the third generation Prius liftback. The world combined city / highway rating of fuel-energy fuel economy EPA’s 58 mpg-US equivalent (mpg-e), and 59 mpg-US is equivalent to the city and 56 mpg-US is equivalent to the main road. The overall fuel-electricity combined fuel economy rating of 58 mpg in is the same rating as the Ford C-Max Energi and Ford Fusion Energi, making all three PHEVs fuel vehicles very well in class midsize EPA’s.
Based on the Japanese JC08 test cycle, the Prius PHV fuel efficiency is 61.0 km / L (143 mpg US, 1.64 L / 100 km), calculated from the combined all-electric (EV) and hybrid (HV) driving modes, only 38 g / km of CO2 emissions. The electric power consumption rate of 8.74 km / kWh. After the battery oxygen, the HV mode fuel efficiency is 31.6 km / L. Based on the dimensions of the US EPA, the Prius plug-in requires 29 kWh plus 0.2 liters per 100 miles in EV mode and 50 miles each mode hybrid. This means that it takes 32.2 kWh per 100 miles each pure electric mode, which is slightly more efficient or Nissan Leaf (34 kWh per 100 miles per) or Chevrolet this (kWh 36 100 miles per).
Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Safety
In the United States, Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid includes Toyota Vehicle Proximity Notification System (VPN), which is designed to alert pedestrians, the blind, and some of the vehicle because of the significant noise reduction standard hybrid vehicle traveling at high speed in EV mode. This type of warning device approved by the Pedestrian Safety Enhancement Act of 2010. The sound generated by the speakers without warning mounted and only at speeds below about 15 mph (24 km / h) activates automatically. The pitch varies with the speed of the car to walk in the sense of the Prius is fast accelerating or decelerating.
Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Markets and Sales
Initial Toyota’s global sales goal was to sell more than 60,000 Prius PHV year, and Japan as the main market and aiming for 40,000 units, two-thirds of global sales carmaker’s goal. In the first year on the market, a total of 27,181 Prius PHVs were sold around the world, ranking as the second most sold plug-in electric car in 2012. As of December 2013, the Prius Plug-in Hybrid is third best selling plug -to electric car, after the Nissan Leaf and family Volt / Ampera.
Sales in 2012 were led by the United States 12,750 units through December 2012, followed by Japan with 9,500 units sold by October 2012, and Europe and 3,496 units sold by December 2012. In 2012, the Prius PHV was best to sell plug-in electric car in Sweden (units 499) and the top selling plug-in hybrid in the UK (470 units), France (413 units), and Norway (171 units). The top selling European market the Netherlands, with 1,184 units sold during 2012.
About 48,600 Prius PHVs had been sold worldwide through December 2013, led by the United States 24,838 units through December 2013, followed by Japan with 15,400 units to December 2013, and Europe and 8,087 units to December 2013. Since December 2013, the leading European markets were the Netherlands 3,891 units, followed by the UK units 979, Sweden 875 units, and France with 806. As of June 2014, worse global sales reached about 60,000 units
Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Recognition
The Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid was a finalist for the 2010 Green Car Vision Award. The Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid won the 2012 Urban Green Vehicle of the Year Award. The Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid was awarded the Best Car Green Car Report’s credit 2012.