The Lexus GS is a mid-size luxury car sold by Lexus, luxury division of Toyota. Lexus GS was sold to the Toyota Risto in Japan from 1991 until the release of the third generation in 2005. Designed as the sedan competing in the mid-class luxury, the Lexus GS slots between the entry level / executive compact Lexus IS and full-size / flagship LS, and he shares its chassis with the other platforms Toyota’s longest-running: the S-series has been used under multiple generations of the Toyota Crown premium sedans.
The first generation Lexus GS began sales in the United States, Europe and selected markets for Asia in 1993, when we started the line i-6 engine and bodywork exterior was designed by Italdesign Giugiaro. Second-generation model premiered in 1997, using a modern platform, in-house styling, and adding V8 version for first time outside Japan. The third-generation Lexus GS, which premiered globally for model year 2006, made V6, V8, and hybrid versions, the latter known as the Lexus GS 450h hybrid performance. The third-generation models were the first GS sedans sold domestically in Japan.
The fourth Lexus GS premiered in August 2011 at the Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance, where the models introduced included the GS V6-powered 350, hybrid Lexus GS 450h, and performance organized in the F Sport variants. A lower-displacement V6 model, the Lexus GS 250, premiered at the Exhibition Auto Guangzhou in November 2011, targeted the Asian market European. In some markets such as North America, the Lexus GS shares in the mid-size sedan category in the Lexus with front-wheel drive Lexus ES.
Lexus GS First Generation (S140)
Italdesign Giugiaro began the first design drawings Lexus GS 300 in 1988 strong design intended to produce a saloon Deluxe to do without many of the features of the external and the details found on the existing Japanese premium sedans, in favor of a simpler, European-style appearance. Compact car exterior styling elements of the then-current Lexus LS flagship and SC Coupe in a rounded, aerodynamic wedge-like shape featuring a rear decklid and the proportions of a long and extensive than rival cars. The exterior revealed a drag coefficient of 0.31 Cd. Color schemes offered included a single-tone bumper and body, and two-tone schemes. Parallels with Ital-design concept car debuted in 1990, Jaguar Kensington, led some observers to suggest that Lexux GS 300 based on its design, but firmly stated that the GS 300 was founded at the beginning.
Export production Lexus GS 300 (JZS147) began February 22, 1993. For Lexus, The Lexus GS was placed above the front-wheel drive ES luxury sedan with its superior drivetrain setup, power and resources available to you. Lexus offered GS with 3.0 liter 2JZ-GE straight-six, producing 169 kW (227 hp) and 285 N · m (210 lb · ft) of torque. For the interior, the GS 300 walnut featured wood trim center console, leather seats, tilt-and-telescoping steering wheel an automatic, and of a Sakamichi premium stereo system. Driver and front passenger airbags as standard. A moonroof, remote-12 CD auto Change, and traction control were the options.
The GS was intended to replace the price of original LS 400 flagship, which had moved upmarket since 1989 launch. By the time of the debut GS 300, the $ 35,000 base price first LS in the United States had climbed to US $ 47,000, and the GS 300 at debut transported to a base price of US $ 38,000. However, sales GS 300 and modesty, and 1993 saw the most sales at 19,164 sold that year. Sales dropped as the Japanese yen rose in value against the dollar and makes it expensive car than its competitors. In addition, more powerful V8 sport sedans provided strong competition. By 1997, the prices GS 300 is up to US $ 46,000. Production of the first generation GS sedan ended in late 1996.
Lexus GS Second Generation (S160)
In 1993, after sales commenced for the first generation S140 series, the development of the successor began under Codename JZS160 known. The design process began under the chief engineer Yasushi Nakagawa in May 1994 and in November 1995 after 18 months of work design, production and final design was approved by the executive board. In January 1997, the Lexus debuted the “High Performance Sedan” (HPS) concept at the Detroit Auto Show, the first design direction for the GS. In August 1997, the second generation Toyota Risto launched in Japan, codenamed JZS160 (S300 version) for models with the 2JZ-GE engines and JZS161 (V300 version) for those with a 2JZ-GTE twin-turbocharged engines. VVT-i was now standard, resulting in an increase in torque. The version of the twin-turbocharged available with electronic four-steering wheel, VSC electronic stability control and automatic transmission with sequential manual mode. Toyota stopped the optional all-wheel drive system.
In 2000, a facelift (designed for mid-1999) was introduced for the 2001 model year, which was the only year of any major changes in the second generation GS. New clear tail lights with the turn signal indicators were added in the trunk, and slightly revised grille and seem very bright lights on the front end. Xenon high-power lamps were now standard on the V8 and optional on the straight-six. Inside, more wood trim was added, and the steering wheel shift buttons featured on the GS 300. The V8 engine and found Bump 0.3-liter in displacement and the model was renamed GS 430 (UZS161). Peak power was transformed, but torque increased to 441 N · m (325 lb · ft).
The SportDesign interior added perforated leather upholstery and aluminum brushed and dark stained walnut trim. For summer 2001, the production of GS 300 SportDesign was limited by a run units 3,300 of (vs. 25,000 annual GS sales in the year). Production limited model was possible by 2004.
Lexus GS Third Generation (S190)
In 1999, the development of the day instead of to the JZS160 under the chief engineer, Shigetoshi Miyoshi. Both the exterior styling and interior was done under the lead designer Yasuhide Hosoda between 2000 and 2002, during which L-Finesse came to fruition in 2001. By 2002, a design was finalized, to be introduced next year. In October 2003, Lexus debuted the LF-S (Lexus Future Sedan), the concept car which is first in the design of the upcoming GS. The design patent was filed on December 22, 2003 by Toyota domestic Japanese patent offices, preceding the unveiling of the public soon. Third generation GS first appeared as pre-production car at the 2004 North American International Auto Show on January 5, with a production version shown at the same show in 2005.
In September 2005, the GS 350 (GRS191) and GS 430 (UZS190) went on sale in Japan, the GS 350 uses a 3.5-liter 2GR-FSE engine with injection D4-S direct, and the GS 430 used the same 4.3- liter 3UZ-FE V8 engine used in the previous model. Sales in the US began in March 2006, and the first including the GS 300 (GRS190), featuring Lev certified 3.0-liter 3GR-FSE V6 engine, and the GS 430 with the V8 4.3-liter. All GS models at the launch featured a new six-speed automatic sequential shift gearbox. An all-wheel drive system used in the GS 300.
Lexus GS Fourth Generation (L10)
In the summer of 2007, development began a series of Lexus GS L10 under Yoshihiko Kanamori, the process of finalizing design under the new president and CEO Akio Toyoda direction in 2009 Design patents was in Japan on October 6, 2010 production model and conceptual degil on March 29, 2011. In -April 2011, Lexus showed the concept LF-GH (Lexus Future Grand Touring Hybrid) at New York International Auto Show that same year, the first stylistic direction of future Lexus models. The LF-GH featured, spindle-shaped front grille, and the press information further indicated that they had to design a new interior that included an analog clock. The LF-GH concept car made by automotive journalists as an indication of what the fourth generation Lexus GS would look like.
For model year 2014, changes to the GS 350 includes eight speed automatic transmission with steering rear-wheel drive (RWD) model, the introduction of the F SPORT package (optional Lexus Dynamic Handling system with Dynamic Rear Steering (Dr), Electric Power Steering, Gear đã Ratio Steering (VGRS)), integrated Siri Eyes mode Free from Apple (compatible with the iPhone 4S and iPhone 5 models, Flush mounted sensors available for discretion Park Assist, full color display added to the optional Heads-Up Display, available Blind Spot Monitor adds to the Rear Cross Traffic Alert mirrors power to pre-, Luxury Package changes (ED foglamps, Superchrome end 18-inch wheels, rear armrest fair control panel adds to the display option to view the radio station and song title), optional power trunk Opener, Lexus Night View system discontinued.
The Lexus GS 300h hybrid model combines a 2.5l 4-cylinder Atkinson cycle petrol engine with 4G D direct injection technology, from the third-generation Lexus IS. The vehicle was unveiled in 2013 Shanghai Motor Show. The car went on sale in China, Europe, Asia, Australia and New Zealand, but not in the US.
It is a version of Lexus GS 300h for European market, and a 2.5-liter Atkinson-cycle cylinder petrol engine (181PS), two electric motors, a hard drive navigation system with Monitor 12.3 inch and Services Lexus Connected, a premium system audio, DVD player and rear view camera with a monitor, among other features. The car went on sale 2014-01-11.
Lexus GS Motorsport
The Lexus GS was used in the Motorola Cup North American Stock Street Championship touring car series race in 1998, from the Lexus GS 400 race cars driven by two Team Lexus time for this event. For 1999, Team Lexus achieved the first to win the Lexus GS 400 in its sixth race at Road Atlanta. The GS 400 was raced until 2001, when Team Lexus switched to the IS 300. During the mid-2000, the Lexus GS 400 was entered in the V8Star Series touring car racing season, and Ronny Melkus competition V8 GS in 2003.
In 2006, Sigma Advanced Racing Development and Lexus into a GS 450h hybrid performance sedan in the Hours of Tokachi race in Hokkaido, Japan, the first hybrid car was introduced 24. In 2007, Lexus Canada brought 450h GS in the event Targ Newfoundland. In 2009, the Lexus GS 450h served as the safety car at the Muscle Car Masters event held at Eastern Creek Raceway, Eastern Creek, New South Wales, Australia. In 2008, Manabu “Max” Got used the second generation JZS161 Risto in Formula D competition. Got has a number of second generation models different tools for drifting events, some with a prototype suspension, and included parts of the export Lexus GS 300.