The Land Rover Defender a British car four-wheel drive off-road developed from the original Land Rover Series launched in 1948. In October 2013 Land Rover has announced that production would end in December 2015, after 67 years of continuous run.
The Land Rover Defender was introduced in 1983 as the “Land Rover Ninety” and “Land Rover One Ten”, and numbers representing the wheelbase in inches. The number was spelled advertising and handbooks and manuals, and vehicles also carried badges above the radiator grille, the series “Land Rover 90” or “Land Rover 110”, and the number rendered numerically. The Ninety and One Ten instead of the beginning of the Land Rover Series, and at the time of the launch, one of the Land Rover model in production was the Range Rover.
In 1989, the third model unto the Land Rover to be produced in parallel with the other two: Land Rover Discovery. To avoid confusion may, from 1991 Ninety and the One Ten “Defender 90” and “Defender 110”. These carried front badges that said “Defender”, and the badge on the rear of the vehicle saying “Defender 90” or “Defender 110”. The current model, since 2007, still has the space above the radiator for the badge, but this is just a blank, and they have no “Land Rover” spelled across the leading edge of the bonnet in raised individual letters. At the rear is a new ‘”Defender” badge by emphasizing the “swoosh”. On these current models there are no badges defining the wheelbase model of the vehicle.
The 127-inch (3,226 mm) wheelbase Land Rover 127, available from 1985, was marketed with the name rendered numerically. After the approval of the Defender, had a “Defender 130”, although the wheelbase remained unchanged. North American Specification (NAS) Defenders sold between 1993 and 1997, said “Land Rover” no “90” or “110” number to call. Continuing on from the release of Australian SIII Stage 1 Isuzu 4BD1 diesel variant, Jaguar Land Rover Australia (JRA) developed an Isuzu 4BD1 (See List of Isuzu engines) diesel powered 110 for sale as Australia only consumer product.
In 1993 Land Rover launched the Defender in the North American market. Although the Range Rover had been sold there since 1987, this was the first utility Land Rovers had been sold since 1974. To comply with strict United States Department of Transportation regulations, ranging from crash safety lighting, and very different needs of American consumers, the North American Specification (NAS ) defenders were extensively modified. The initial batch export was 525 Defender 110 County Station Wagons: 500 in the United States and 25 in Canada. They were fitted with the 3.9-liter V8 petrol engine and five-speed manual transmission. All vehicles were white. They sported full external roll-cages and large side-indicator and tail-lights. All equipped with the factory-installed air conditioning system.
Land Rover Defender vehicles have been used many of the world in military forces, including the US in some limited, following the experience with the vehicle during the first Gulf War, when soldiers found the vehicles the British Army’s to be more capable and well work in urban areas and air-lifting than the Humvee. British Army has used Land Rovers since 1950, as have many countries in the Commonwealth of Nations. British Army replaced its Series III ships with One Tens in 1985, with smaller ships Nineties following in 1986. Both used a 2.5-liter naturally aspirated diesel. These old vehicles reach the end of their service lives, with many being sold on the market of bullets from the 1990 end.
In 1994, Land Rover created the Defender xD (xD = extra duty) to replace and complement these vehicles. Powered by 300Tdi engines, xD has a very strong chassis, and fiber cloth around the joints welded in the chassis and around stress points massively increase the load capacity. The xD was available in both the Defender 90 and 110 and forms known British Army Land Rover Wolves. The 110-inch (2,794 mm) soft or hard tops, which are used for patrol, communications and supply activities. 90XDs are less common, but often ordered as soft top or hard top cars for light and communications networks. -Wheelbase vehicles lack the capacity to load the necessary modern armies, and increased energy and heavy-lift helicopters has made a big 110s easily air-transportable- profit Inspections smaller, lighter 90.
In 1992 the first edition of the special Land Rover Defender was made. I 90SV (SV stands for “special vehicles”, as all vehicles produced by the Department of Land Rover’s Special Operations Vehicle), were painted green fitted top with black cloth soft standard door tops. Alloy wheels were fitted, and the rear disc brakes (a first a Land Rover). Despite the beauty of the vehicle’s sporty, it used the standard 200Tdi turbodiesel engine. 90 Only for the UK market.
Anniversary Land Rover’s 50th in 1998 formed two special editions. The first was the 50th Defender which is essential for a NAS (North American Spec) Defender 90 station wagon. It was powered by a 190 hp (140 kW) 4.0-liter V8 petrol engine and was the first Land Rover outside North America to be done with an automatic transmission. Air conditioning made them the most comfortable cars. For the UK and Europe were painted Atlantis blue, a dark green-blue flip-flop color, and security had to roll-over protection cage the front seat occupants. In 1071 the 50-year defenders are formed, 385 for the UK home market, the remainder of Japan, Europe and the Middle East.
The second 1998 special edition “Heritage”, aimed to Hark back to the beginning of the Land Rover in the 1940. Available in 90 or 110 station wagon form, the Heritage were only two original colors offered by the company – copper green and pastel light green Atlantic. A metal mesh-effect front grille, using special tools body-colored alloy wheels and wing mirrors and silver-painted door and windscreen hooks of all employed to make the Heritage look similar to the original Series I of 1948 Inside with black displays ion-beige. The powertrain was standard Td5 diesel and four-wheel drive transmission.
Instead Protector, a new model has been down for many years. The current Land Rover Defender has been in production since 1991. It has not met US safety requirements since 1998 and since then Land Rover has been offering US consumers the more expensive LR2 (Freelander) and Land Rover LR4 (Land Rover Discovery) instead. Replacement Total will have to 2015, when the new European regulations regarding crash safety for pedestrians render obsolete the current design.
Land Rover Defender Concept cars DC100 and DC100 Sport revealed at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show. DC100 is a normal three-door off-roader with a 2.0-liter turbo-charged diesel and DC100 Sport two passengers pick-up with 2.0 liter petrol engine. Unlike the current Defender 93 inch, -110 inch and 130-inch wheelbases, DC100 introduced in 100 inch wheelbase. A new car, according to the Land Rover design director Gerry McGovern will not like much DC100, not according to other sources to be in production by 2015 and will replace the model, then 25 years old which is the longest-running production of any Land Rover car.