The Audi A3 is a compact executive car produced by the German automaker Audi since 1996. The first two generations of Audi A3 are based on the Volkswagen Group A platform, which they share with several other models such as the Audi TT, Volkswagen Golf, Volkswagen Caddy and Volkswagen Touran and the Seat Leon, Toledo and Skoda Octavia seat.
Audi A3 1st Generation
The original Audi A3 (or Typ 8L) was introduced into the European market in 1996, which marks the return of production cars of Audi after the demise of the Audi 50 in 1978 became the first model of the Volkswagen Group to use platform “A4” “PQ34” or, with the same natural next his contemporary, the Volkswagen Golf Mk4, which came a year later. In three years, the platform was invented by a total of no less than seven cars.
The Audi A3 was available initially only three-door hatchback body, in order to present an image of a sporty addition of Golf, in the front and four-wheel drive. All engines have a cylinder inline configuration, and was transversely mounted. After the Audi A4, the Audi A3 was the second Audi model to use five valves per cylinder.
UK Market Audi A3 adopted in November 1996. In 1999, Audi will expand the range with the introduction of more powerful versions: nominal 1.8 Turbo 180 hp (132 kW; 178 hp) and 1.9 TDI diesel engine (PD ) injector technology “Pump Düse” Unity and variable geometry turbocharger. The four-wheel-drive Audi A3 1.8T Quattro used by the 150 hp (110 kW; 148 hp) or 180 hp (130 kW; 180 hp), and the same system based on demand traction Haldex four-wheel drive as the Audi S3 and the Audi TT. And in 1999, Audi also introduced a five-door body.
Audi A3 2nd Generation
At the Geneva Motor Show 2003, Audi launched the second generation of the Audi A3, the Typ 8P, designed by Gary Telaak in 2000 (however, the design of the final frozen in 2001). Launched just three engines and cylinder door hatchback, the car featured a new platform (PQ35 platform), and spacious interior, new petrol engines and fuel injection (FSI) and the manual gearbox six-speed (except 1.6 base).
In mid 2003, the line was updated sport focuses on two models, a nominal 2.0 Turbo-FSI version with 200 hp (147 kW; 197 hp) and engine 3.2 L VR6 (the first time) with 250 hp (184 kW ; 247 hp). Haldex traction Quattro all-wheel based on demand, and the S-tronic semi-automatic gearbox were introduced as options (standard on the VR6 Quattro) model engine 140 hp (103 kW; 138 hp).
In 2005, the “S line” trim level, offering new decorative elements found in the three-door Audi A3 received the same characteristics as Sportback front end style. For the first time, the A3 was found in the North American market, only Sportback body, with the base 2.0 TFSI four-cylinder introduced in 2005 as a 2006 model, and the next 3.2 VR6 Quattro.
Audi A3 3rd Generation
The third generation was launched in Audi A3 three-door hatchback form the 2012 Geneva Motor Show and went on sale in Europe in September 2012. Based on the MQB platform Volkswagen Group, the third generation is available as a five-door “Sportback” a four-door sedan that directly rival Mercedes-Benz Class-UCLA, and the two-door Cabriolet. New features available in the new A3 include a new handwriting recognition entertainment system and adaptive cruise control. The front suspension is a MacPherson suspension, while the rear has a multi-link rear suspension. The car presented at the Geneva Motor Show 2012.
Early German models include the 1.4 TFSI (122 hp) 1.8 TFSI (180 hp) and (150 PS) 2.0 TDI. 1.2 TFSI (105 hp) 1.4 TFSI (140 hp) 1.8 TFSI quattro (180 PS), 1.6 TDI (105 hp) and the 2.0 TDI quattro (150 PS) were added in 2013. Cabriolet model will be available in 2014 A3 1.2 TFSI (105 PS) were added to the UK market in 2013, followed by the Audi A3 1.4 TFSI (140 PS) in 2013.